(1) : orderly method of arrangement (as in the presentation of ideas) : manner of coordinating elements (as of an artistic production or course of reasoning)
(2) : a particular kind or instance of such arrangement <the sonnet is a poetical form>
b : PATTERN, SCHEMA <arguments of the same logical form>(3) The literal shape and mass of an object or figure.
(4) More general, the materials used to make a work of art, the ways in which these materials are used utilized in terms of the formal elements (medium, texture, rhythm, tempo, dynamic contrast, melody, line, light/contrast/value structure, color, texture, size and composition.)
Is the analysis of a work by discussing its form such as its size, medium, shape, lines, light, color, texture and composition.
relief and haute relief
An iconographic analysis is the analysis of the symbols and what they mean in the work, or what the work itself symbolizes.
scholars such as Marilyn
Stokstad refers to this
as content. According to Stokstad book Art
"Content includes subject matter, which is quite simply is what is represented, even when that consists strictly of lines and formal elements-lines and color without recognizable subject matter, for example.".
CONTEXT Etymology: Middle English,
weaving together of words, from Latin contextus connection of words,
from contexere to weave
com- + texere to weave
Etymology: Middle English, weaving together of words, from Latin contextus connection of words, coherence, from contexere to weave together, from com- + texere to weave
1 : the parts of a
discourse that surround a word or passage and can throw light on its
1 : the parts of a discourse that surround a word or passage and can throw light on its meaning
2 : the interrelated
conditions in which something exists or occurs : ENVIRONMENT,
2 : the interrelated conditions in which something exists or occurs : ENVIRONMENT, SETTING
Is the analysis of a work by discussing its history, culture, environment, and or background.
Roughly close to conclusion in music.
contextualism A methodological approach in art history which focuses on the cultural back ground of an art object. Unlike connoirsseurship, contexualism utilizes the literature, history, economics, and social developments (among others) of a period, as well as the object itself, to explain the meaning of an artwork.
She was unearthed by worker Johann Veran, about 30m above the River Danube, during the Wachau railway construction in 1908, then identified by Austrian archaeologist Josef Szombathy. Wilendorf had already been known as a Palaeolithic site for over 20 years before systematic excavations by Josef Szombathy, Josef Bayer and Hugo Obermaier began.
Kachina Palhik’ mama
(Water Drinking Girl)
c 1920 wood pt. Yarn front view
SW United States, Hopi Culture
Woman from Willendorf, (Venus of Willendorf ),
Austria. c. 22,000-21,000 BCE.
limestone, painted with ochre. Size: 4 3/4 inches
Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna
Title Venus of Willendorf
Region/Country Europe (Austria)
period/style name Paleolithic
approximate dates c. 22,000-21,000 BCE.
Neolithic Technology Cultures
1125-1200 CE Ansazi
600,000-10,000 European Sites: Altamira, Lascaux, Tuc Audoubert, La Madeleine, Willendorf
4,000-1,500 BCE Europe
Bison from La Madeleine
15,000 – 10,000 BCE
4" long reindeer horn
19th Century, ivory, pearl, shell, wood,
Ht 4 1/8’’ width 1 5/8’’
Paleolithic Art c30,000-10,000 BCE
Altamira Spain, 25,000 BCE
Chauvet Cave c 30,000 BCE
Lascaux, France, Paleolithic Period, 15,000-13,500 BC
asym.met.ri.cal or asym.met.ric adj [Gk asymmetria lack of proportion, fr. asymmetros ill-proportioned, fr. a- + symmetros symmetrical] (1690) 1: not symmetrical 2 usu asymmetric, of a carbon atom: bonded to four different atoms or groups -- asym.met.ri.cal.ly adv -- asym.me.try n
n, pl -tries [L symmetria, fr. Gk,
fr. symmetros symmetrical, fr. syn- + metron measure--more at measure]
(1541) 1: balanced proportions; also: beauty of form arising from
proportions 2: the property of being symmetrical; esp: correspondence
size, shape, and relative position of parts on opposite sides of a
line or median plane or about a center or axis--compare bilateral
radial symmetry 3: a rigid motion of a geometric figure that determines
a one-to-one mapping onto itself 4: the property of remaining invariant
under certain changes (as of orientation in space, of the sign of the
charge, of parity, or of the direction of time flow)--used of physical
phenomena and of equations describing them
bilateral symmetry n (1860): symmetry in which similar anatomical parts are arranged on opposite sides of a median axis so that only one plane can divide the individual into essentially identical halves
space, picture plane, and overlapping
The black edges of the contour lines are accented with a chiseled line into the rock.
Why in profile? What function does contour serve?
-vehicle or medium
c. 15,000-12,000 BC
bison length 77 in. (195 cm)
Wounded bison attacking a man?
c. 15,000-10,000 BC
bison length 43 in. (110 cm)
Items for discussion:
Most of these don't have a single "correct" answer. I want you to guess, theorize, and speculate.):
What are the major subjects painted and sculpted in the Paleolithic era?
Why no architecture?
Why no pottery?
Why no plants?
Why were they nomadic?
Where and how were these things found and what do they tell us about mankind back then and maybe now?