Technology and Innovation in the Arts of the 19th
17) The nineteenth century was a time of great
many thoughts and inventions. People stopped reproducing by hand and started
reproducing by machine. The invention of the steamboat caused a network
of rivers to spring up.
Anonymous 6th grader's answer to a history
Sir Joseph Paxton, The Crystal Palace 1850-51Originally
in Chatsworth, England
Queen Victoria's husband Prince Albert, and the Duke
of Devonshire's gardener, Joseph Paxton.
1848' X 454' feet
September 1850 to January of 1851
based primarily on an earlier greenhouse design Paxton used
to house the giant Victoria Regia lily in Chatsworth.
iron, wood and glass was lighter and cheaper than other designs
The dimensions of the building based on 24 foot intervals
were a result of the maximum size of a sheet of glass that could be manufactured
at a reasonable cost (49 inches was the cheapest for reliable 16 oz glass).
Mostly site construction using pre fabricated componets,
some of which were cast less than 24 hours earlier. The cast iron columns
were tested on site, and on site milling and machine painting included
miles of wood glazing bars.
Even temporary fencing material was designed to be used in
the final building so little was wasted. The transept was strategically
placed to preserve and temporarily cover the large elm trees on the site.
When the building was torn down and moved to Sydenham, broken glass was
remelted providing some of the replacements.
Gustave Eiffel 1887-1889 Eiffel Tower Paris, France
International Exposition of 1889 to celebrate the centenary
of the French Revolution
John Augustus Roebling Brooklyn Bridge 1867-1883
Bibliotheque St. Genevieve, Labrouste, 1842-1850