Representing The RealArt is a shadow.
Greek, Archaic, 
c600 BCE 6' 4" marble

Greek, Classic, Polykleitos, 
"Doryphoros" c450BCE

Pronunciation: 'plA-(")tO
circa 428-348 (or 347) B.C. Greek philosopher; disciple of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle; with them laid philosophical foundations of Western culture

Plato's ideas on art.
Plato's Republic
mimesis - imitation.  Things that appear in nature are reflections of universal essences, the True, the Good, and the Beautiful.

Materials and Evolution

Greek, Archaic, 
c600 BCE 6' 4" marble

Greek, Classic,
Polykleitos, Doryphoros c450BCE

Greek, Late Hellenistic, 
Praxiteles, Hermes and Dionysos c340BCE


Ife 13th Century

Benin 14th-15th Century

Benin 15th-16th Century

Benin 17th-19th Centuries

Nature and the Genre Scene

Millet, Gleaners, 1857
nature and everyday life: genre

Pierre Auguste Renoir. Moulin de la Galette. 1876

Honore Daumier, Third Class Carriage, 1862 oil on canvas, 25"x35"
Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada

Honore Daumier, Third Class Carriage, 1862.

Honore Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage 1863-65 Oil on canvas
25 3/4 x 35 1/2 in. (65.4 x 90.2 cm)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Daumier, Honore 1808-1879
First-ClassCarriage 1864
black chalk, wash,watercolor and 
conte crayon on wovepaper 
Baltimore:Walters Art Gallery inv.37.1225


Daumier, Honore 1808-1879 French -
Third Class Carriage 
Berlin :Private Collection Gerstenberg Collection

COURBET,Gustave. Stonebreakers 1849 destroyed 1945, French, Realism